The British Standards Institution (BSI) and the Transport Systems Catapult (TSC), supported by the Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV), undertook research on behalf of the Department for Transport (DfT) to map the current international standards landscape relevant to connected and autonomous vehicles (CAV); better understand the key challenges and opportunities facing UK-based organizations working on CAV development and deployment; and identify areas where standardization may be needed to help accelerate CAV deployment in the UK.
Primary research was conducted using a combination of methods, including an online survey, a stakeholder workshop and a series of semi-structured interviews. A wide range of stakeholders from across the CAV supply chain contributed their views and expertise to this project. Primary research was supplemented by extensive domain research to identify national and international standards of relevance to the field of CAVs.
The central findings of the research highlighted a number of barriers to the development and deployment of CAVs in the UK including: public acceptance of the technology, the reliability of the existing infrastructure, integrating CAVs with existing transport systems, assessing performance of CAVs, and a lack of common standards and consistent policy frameworks.
The research found that existing standards, such as the ISO 26262 standard on functional safety, were already widely used by the automotive industry and its supply chain. However, adaptations or new versions of such standards may be needed to fully address design, testing and operation of connected and highly automated vehicles. Existing standards for Intelligent Transport Systems were considered of particular relevance and important to the successful deployment of CAVs. Nevertheless, it was highlighted that the standards landscape was a complex one and further harmonisation is needed.
Additionally, the research indicated that whilst globally accepted standards would be considered the end-goal for the CAV industry, there may be opportunities for the UK to show greater leadership in standardization in strategic areas of UK strength.